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Article
March 5, 1904

A REPORT OF TEN CASES OF PNEUMOTHORAX OCCURRING IN PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS.

Author Affiliations

Assistant Surgeon U. S. P. H. and M. H. S. FT. STANTON, N. M.

JAMA. 1904;XLII(10):641-645. doi:10.1001/jama.1904.92490550008002c

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Abstract

Pneumothorax as an accident in or complication of pulmonary tuberculosis, occurs usually in but a small percentage of cases. According to West this percentage is 5. Eichhorst found 5 per cent in 390 cases, Gutmann, 4.2 per cent in 2,200, while Weil found 10 per cent in 355 cases. It has been the universal experience that pneumothorax is usually total, that is, that the entire lung collapses and contracts up against the spinal column, thus separating the visceral and parietal pleurae by a considerable air space, and that partial pneumothorax in which but a part of the lung collapses, and the rest remains in place, due to adhesions or other causes, and but a portion of the pleurae separate to form a cavity, is much less common. Powell and Whitney state that the total form is the rule, and in Weil's series of 36 cases all but four were of

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