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April 7, 1906


JAMA. 1906;XLVI(14):1034-1035. doi:10.1001/jama.1906.02510410036012

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Profound economic reforms are seldom effected by force of arms; great economic problems are never solved by means of the "big stick." So true is this that one searches history in vain for an illustration to the contrary. It is true that, during the process of evolution, occasionally and incidentally, violence has occurred which has resulted in some great economic or sociologic movement. In all such instances, the violence has been due to other causes, or has, per se, had little or nothing to do with bringing about the result so far as economic change is concerned. During the past generation economic changes and reforms have been brought about in some parts of England and in continental Europe which seem almost incredible to one who hears of them for the first time, yet so quietly has this been done that scarcely a word of it all has reached us, and

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