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The transplantation of skin flaps in plastic operations upon the eyelid, by the method in vogue at present, is the result of a gradual development in the size of the portions of new tissue to be transplanted. The method of supplying new dermal tissues where loss of skin had resulted from accidents, burns or other causes, was originally introduced by Prof. J. L. Reverdin, of Geneva, Switzerland, in 1869. It was called " skin grafting," and consisted in the application to granulating surfaces of very small portions of epidermis snipped from the skin of a living subject, care being taken that the dermis should not be included in the graft. The grafts were applied to the diseased surfaces and resulted in the formation of new cicatricial tissue, which was undoubtedly the product of the proliferation of the transplanted elements. Thiersch, Pollock, Bryant and others adopted the method, increasing the size of
JOHNSON WB. TRANSPLANTATION OF SKIN IN PLASTIC OPERATIONS ON THE EYELID. JAMA. 1895;XXV(16):656–657. doi:10.1001/jama.1895.02430420012002d
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