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Article
April 2, 1904

A STUDY OF THE ANATOMY, PATHOLOGY AND ETIOLOGY OF SCOLIOSISALSO PRESENTING THE SCOLIOTONE, AN APPARATUS FOR ELONGATING AND LESSENING THE ROTATION OF THE SPINE IN LATERAL CURVATURE.

Author Affiliations

BALTIMORE.

JAMA. 1904;XLII(14):872-877. doi:10.1001/jama.1904.92490590006001b
Abstract

In search for more definite etiologic factors and further pathologic conditions in scoliosis, I have found it necessary to make a thorough analysis of the spine, the various motions which it allows, and the physiologic relation which it bears to the pelvis, ribs and various muscles acting directly or indirectly on it. I also wish to say something in regard to treatment.

A STUDY OF THE ANATOMY OF THE SPINE.  The spine is a flexible column which tapers in size from below upward. In the cervical region the bodies are broader from side to side and have a tendency to limit the lateral as compared with the anteroposterior motion. Their superior and inferior surfaces are concavo-convex, and, of course, favor the motions in flexion and extension, and to a less extent from side to side, but have a tendency to limit rotation.The articular processes in this region are oblique

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