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Hygeia was the Godess of Health, the daughter of Æsculapius. Hygiene is the science of Health. It was called by Prof. Parkes the art of preserving health; but since he wrote the introduction to his classical work hygiene has been developed by study and observation into a science, and its art or the practical application of its laws has recieved the name of sanitation. We are here to study the science and its practical applications, not only that we may protect the soldiers of the United States from the attacks of disease, but that we may preserve their physical powers at their maximum of vigor.
The duties of an army surgeon are various. They require him to be a many-sided specialist. When a soldier becomes sick the army medical officer has to treat him as his attending physician; when accidents or injuries occur he has to be prepared for the
SMART C. OPENING LECTURE OF THE COURSE ON MILITARY HYGIENE. JAMA. 1895;XXV(25):1070–1074. doi:10.1001/jama.1895.02430510006002
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