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February 20, 1897

SURGERY ONE HUNDRED YEARS AGO.AN HISTORICAL STUDY

JAMA. 1897;XXVIII(8):357-362. doi:10.1001/jama.1897.02440080023002i

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Abstract

CHAPTER I.—DOCTOR AND BARBER.  Social relations in the first half of this century; Prejudice; Physician's dress; Family physicians; How soon can one become a great and renowned physician? Education of physicians; Dissensions in consultations; Title; Drinking, physician's income; Beard and barber; Lepers and bathers; Education of the barber-surgeon (des Wundarztes); His social position; Country barber-surgeons; Consultations between physicians and surgeons; Various classifications; Surgical fees; Separation of surgery from medicine; Extinction of barber-trust.In the eighteenth century family life among the Germans was very rigid. Housekeeping was recognized as the highest destiny for the wife and daughters and the simplest as well as the poorest homes were kept in the best of order. The husband demanded respectful obedience from his wife and children; even the brothers exercised a certain amount of superiority over their sisters. There existed but little general culture in these homes, but plenty of mother wit and wholesome

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