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At the present time an aural masseur which is practical, safe and not too expensive, would seem to be a much felt want.
As a very simple and reasonably effective instrument I can commend the Ziegle otoscope with stiff rubber bag attachment, which I purchased in Heidelberg six years ago. With a soft rubber tube for fitting the otoscope tightly in the external canal, any safe and desirable amount of exhaustion or pressure may be secured. No competent aurist would ever think of applying such a force to the drum membrane without being able to note the effect. Having the instrument in position I have been in the habit of drumming upon the bag with the four fingers of the right hand, having found that by this means I could make from 500 to 600 distinct impressions upon the membrana tympani in a minute. The stiff bag is not a
BROWN EJ. AN AURAL MASSEUR. JAMA. 1896;XXVI(6):277. doi:10.1001/jama.1896.02430580029001k
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