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Portugal has a claim on Africa by the right of discovery, and in the apportionment of the country by the great powers of Europe she has held her own and her flag floats in the breeze of both coasts. Her possession on the east coast consists of a long, narrow strip of land, extending from German East Africa southward to Tongoland and including the Island of Mozambique. The country is only thinly settled, owing to the prevalence of malaria, which makes it dangerous for Europeans to make their homes anywhere on the vast stretch of lowlands, where the soil is most productive. The Portuguese have to contend here, like their neighbors, the Germans, with all kinds of tropical diseases, notably malaria and dysentery.
Boys who study geography are sure to preserve the names of certain places, cities, rivers, capes, islands, etc., in their memory long after they have forgotten
SENN N. DISEASES AND HOSPITALS OF PORTUGUESE EAST AFRICA. JAMA. 1906;XLVII(9):709–713. doi:10.1001/jama.1906.25210090044025
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