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While the rapid development of kidney and ureteral surgery in recent years has put ever-increasing demands on refined diagnosis, it is remarkable that one of the most necessary and expedient means for this aim, ureteral catheterization, did not become popular among the surgeons. Surely, to a great extent, this was due to the lack of a complete and authoritative treatise concerning the appropriate instruments and to the absence of a practical discussion and minute explanation of the technic. There is a large number of surgeons who, though anxious to catheterize ureters, still have neither the time nor the material nor the intention to work through all the failures, mistakes and disagreeable experiences connected with the adoption of a rather new and peculiar instrumentation. Others, after studying the pertinent literature, are disappointed because in actual application they find out that a great many of the instructions laid down are either not explicit enough, or faulty, or are simply advertisements for certain obsolete or inadequate instruments.
KOLISCHER G, SCHMIDT LE. THE PROBLEMS OF THE TECHNIC OF URETERAL CATHETERIZATION.. JAMA. 1904;XLII(23):1476–1487. doi:10.1001/jama.1904.92490680016001c
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