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March 6, 1897


Author Affiliations

Professor of Clinical Ophthalmology and Otology in the Minnesota State University; ex-President of the Minnesota State Medical Society; ex-Secretary of the Ophthalmologicai Section of the American Medical Association, etc. MINNEAPOLIS, MINN.

JAMA. 1897;XXVIII(10):476. doi:10.1001/jama.1897.02440100027015

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For some years I have been using my old retractors in mastoid and similar operations, and have been well pleased with them. The only objection noticed has been the fact that, as the incision and bone opening has been growing larger, owing to our improved knowledge and operations, the retractor has at times seemed to me rather small. This difficulty has been obviated by myself and others by using two retractors, one in each extremity of the wound, being careful they do not overlap each other. This arrangement has proven eminently satisfactory, opening as it does a large and bloodless field of operation, and I still feel that in its thorough usefulness it is as good a method as can be adopted. Some operators, however, dislike to use two retractors; others have repeatedly expressed the opinion that the blades of the retractors should be always parallel to each other, both

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