In 1892 Rendu and Widal reported the discovery of a peculiar condition characterized by the rare combination of chronic cyanosis, enlarged spleen and increased number of the erythrocytes occurring with primary tuberculosis of the spleen. In 18991 they reported two similar cases. In 1904 Turck2 reported seven cases and reviewed exhaustively thirteen cases reported in the literature up to that time (Vaquez,3 M. Martin and Lefas,4 Cominotti,5 Cabot,6 2; McKeen,7 Saundby and Russell8 2, Rosengart,9 Osler10 4). In 1905 Reckzeh11 reported five cases, presented some experimental results on the production of this condition on animals and reviewed the literature of twenty-nine cases previously reported. This makes in all a total of thirty-four cases so far reported.
REPORT OF AUTHORS' CASE.
—Mrs. E. S., aged 40, housewife. Russian Jew.
—Family history was negative. Until her thirtieth year she
ENGELBACH W, BROWN OH. POLYCYTHEMIA. JAMA. 1906;XLVII(16):1265–1270. doi:10.1001/jama.1906.25210160029001k
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