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SURGICAL DISEASES AND INJURIES OF THE PAROTID REGION.
Congenital absence of the parotid and atrophy of the gland are very rare. However, occasionally subjects are seen with a deep hollow between the ramus of the jaw and the mastoid process, showing the partial atrophy at least of the gland.Congenital hypertrophies are not on record. Branchial fibrochondromata are sometimes found over this region. Acquired atrophy or destruction of the gland has been observed as the result of neuroses, injuries, congestions (mumps), inflammations and gangrene due to general fevers. Acquired hypertrophies are represented by the various kinds of swellings of the region. Swellings may be due to some forms of injuries or neuroses.Injuries of the parotid region are rare; they are grave, on account of cicatricial disfigurements and injuries to the facial nerve and to Steno's duct. Punctured superficial wounds are of no consequence, nor are the deeper wounds unless
SOUCHON E. PECULIARITIES OF THE SURGICAL DISEASES AND INJURIES OF THE NECK. JAMA. 1897;XXVIII(12):550–552. doi:10.1001/jama.1897.02440120024002j
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