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April 3, 1897

SURGERY ONE HUNDRED YEARS AGO.AN HISTORICAL STUDY

JAMA. 1897;XXVIII(14):648-652. doi:10.1001/jama.1897.02440140024002i

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Abstract

CHAPTER III.—AT THE UNIVERSITY.  A similar secret traffic was carried on in England; at least it is known that John Brown, to earn his daily bread, at first translated theses into Latin, and later wrote them, charging for the latter ten guineas and for a translation five guineas.Is our own time free from this fraud? Without doubt the great bulk of it was abolished, through the promotion system, although only twenty years ago some of the German universities had the reputation of conferring the Doctor's degree for money, upon presentation of a thesis, without troubling themselves as to the author. During my own studies a certain dentist wished to become a doctor and had a clever thesis written, which he submitted to a philosophic faculty. It was sent back to him because they could not credit the author with so thorough historic knowledge. Thereupon a chemist wrote for him

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