The Sanitary Convention, signed at Washington, D. C., Oct. 14, 1905, marked an era in this work in the Western Hemisphere. This agreement, which codified the measures necessary to guard against the invasion and propagation of yellow fever, cholera and plague from one country to another, emphasizes the responsibilities of the different governments to each other in matters relating to the public health. Such measures will remain a necessity until the nations harboring infectious diseases institute engineering and sanitary measures for their elimination.
The duty devolving on all nations to eradicate disease from their territory formed the subject of a resolution which was passed by the American Medical Association at its annual session in 1889.1 Since that time this principle has been repeatedly advocated.
In 1876 Woodworth2 suggested the awakening of an international sentiment for the prevention of cholera and yellow fever; since 1896 Surgeon-General Wyman3 has
INTERNATIONAL SANITATION. JAMA. 1906;XLVII(24):2014–2015. doi:10.1001/jama.1906.02520240048005
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