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April 17, 1897

SURGERY ONE HUNDRED YEARS AGO.AN HISTORICAL STUDY

JAMA. 1897;XXVIII(16):736-738. doi:10.1001/jama.1897.02440160018001g

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Abstract

CHAPTER IV.—NOTICE ON HOSPITALS.  The oldest, largest, richest and worst hospital in Europe was the Hôtel Dieu in Paris. It is said to nave been founded in 660 A.D. by St. Landry, the Bishop of Paris; it is certain that Louis the Good and Henry IV. enriched it considerably. The old building was situated on the Island of Notre Dame, the new one on the opposite side of the river, connected with the old part by a bridge. In 1783 the old house contained twenty-three halls, the largest of which accommodated 400 patients. There were almost always in the hospital about three or four thousand patients, sometimes even more, but there were only 1,233 beds. Therefore there were often four or five in one bed; it even happened that a dead man, two dying and a convalescent lay together. In spite of the order of the king that each one

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