When it was proposed to establish a laboratory course in the physiology of vision, the head of the department of ophthalmology was requested to state what he wished students to know in this field when they presented themselves in his department for clinical work on the eye. The reply was in effect this:
Before the student can enter on the clinical study of the eye he should be acquainted with: the anatomy of the conjunctiva; the lachrymal apparatus, including the drainage and the extrinsic muscles; the circulation, extrinsic and intrinsic; the nerve supply of the muscles, the mechanism of muscle action, the gross and minute anatomy of the coats of the eyeball; the refractive media, the retinal circulation, and the ciliary apparatus. He should thoroughly understand the functions of all the parts studied. The student can not hope to succeed in clinical ophthalmology unless he has a clear understanding of
HALL WS. PHYSIOLOGIC OPTICS.NEW EXPERIMENTS FOR DEMONSTRATION AND NEW APPARATUS. JAMA. 1904;XLIII(17):1209–1212. doi:10.1001/jama.1904.92500170001f
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