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Article
June 26, 1897

SURGERY ONE HUNDRED YEARS AGO.AN HISTORICAL STUDY

JAMA. 1897;XXVIII(26):1231-1234. doi:10.1001/jama.1897.02440260025001j

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Abstract

VIII.—PROFESSORS OF SURGERY AND PRACTICAL SURGEONS (WUNDAERZTE).  Van Swieten's reforms; Joseph II and Maria Theresa; The Medico-Surgical Josephsakademie at Vienna; Masters and Doctors of Surgery; Institute for surgical operations; Austrian surgeons: Brambilla, Leber, Plenk, Steidele, Hunczovsky, Mohrenheim, Wrabetz and others; C. C. von Siebold; J. B. von Siebold, Brünninghausen, Hesselbach; Henckel, A. F. Pallas, Zenker; Loder, Köhler; Arnemann, Wardenburg, Michaelis; Rougemont, Isenflamm, Weidmann, Metzger, Sommer, Löber, Sprengel, E. Platner; The practitioners Thilenius, Brückner, Ehrlich, Eckoldt, A. F. Vogel, Schneider, Jäger, Fielitz, Böttcher, Bernstein and others; The oculists Barth, Schmidt, Beer, Lobstein, Hellman and others."Ten ducats to the Vienna Medical Faculty, that they may dine in pleasant memory of their deceased colleague," was the last direction of Dr. Franz Emerich of Troppau, the first professor of surgery appointed in Austria (1537). In 1555 the imperial government commissioned the medical faculty to institute surgical lectures, to which they replied in the

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