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December 17, 1904


JAMA. 1904;XLIII(25):1849-1854. doi:10.1001/jama.1904.92500250002e

INTRODUCTORY.  During the summer of 1902, C. W. Duval and V. H. Bassett, working in the laboratory of The Thomas Wilson Sanitarium under a grant from the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research, were able to isolate the Bacillus dysenteriœ (Shiga) from the dejecta of 42 infants suffering from diarrheal disorders. A careful review of the histories of these patients1 led to the conclusion that this series of cases were identical clinically with several well-recognized types of intestinal diseases prevalent among infants during the summer months, and that this organism was associated with a considerable proportion of cases of so-called summer diarrhea. It was then hoped that further investigation would confirm these findings and establish a connection between this bacillus, for several years known to produce intestinal diseases in adults, and this widespread yearly epidemic among young children.Last summer similar studies were carried on in several of our large cities,