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January 21, 1905


JAMA. 1905;XLIV(3):223. doi:10.1001/jama.1905.02500300055013

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World's Work for January contains an admirable note on "A New Epoch in Army Mortality," having for its text the effective work of the Japanese army medical corps. The Japanese medical officers are rightly praised for their work in superintending the personal hygiene of the soldier, as well as in superintending the sanitation of trench and camp. Comparing their work with that of our own army medical corps, our contemporary finds the difference in efficiency to lie "in organization and in the obedience of the men." This is a half truth. As we all know, the chief reason for the disgraceful sanitary regulations of the American Army in the Spanish war was the absence of authority in the hands of the medical officers. The Japanese medical officer can order the troops to obey certain hygienic rules. Our Army organization permits the surgeon merely to suggest. When, as at scourged Camp Chickamauga,

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