The recent articles by Tepljaschin (Arch. Ophth., Vol. xxvi, p. 74) and by Barbacheff (review in Ophth. Rec., Vol. vi, p. 88) have stimulated interest in the rare anomalies of corneal transparency of congenital origin.
The point of practical interest is to determine whether such a case is due to arrested development or to an inflammatory process, especially interstitial keratitis of syphilitic origin in utero.
My case was that of a boy seen Nov. 14, 1896, at that time 8 years old. The case had also been seen by my colleague Dr. W. G. Smith in January, 1890, who noted as follows: "Total opacity of left cornea, said by parents to have been present from birth. The parents also stated that opacity would sometimes clear up so that the outline of the pupil could be seen. V.=Pl." There was no record made of nystagmus, but a concomitant convergent squint was
MOULTON H. CONGENITAL OPACITY OF THE CORNEA. JAMA. 1898;XXX(5):247–248. doi:10.1001/jama.1898.72440570015001h
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