On March 17, the London Laryngological Society celebrated the one hundredth birthday of Manual Garcia, a well-known Spanish singing teacher in London. and also the fiftieth birthday of the laryngoscope. Garcia, though not a physician, became the founder of a new and important specialty in medicine by his discovery of the laryngoscope. In March, 1855, he published in the Proceedings of the Royal Society1 his "Observations on the Human Voice," based, to a large extent, on the introduction into his own throat of a mirror, which he illuminated with direct sunlight at the same time as he observed the movements of his own vocal cords in a second mirror. This was the foundation of modern laryngology. Two years later the celebrated Tuerck of Vienna was studying diseases of the larynx by means of the laryngoscope, studies that culminated in his great work on laryngoscopic pathology and therapy. In the
MANUEL GARCIA AND THE LARYNGOSCOPE. JAMA. 1905;XLIV(13):1041. doi:10.1001/jama.1905.02500400045014
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