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July 5, 1902


JAMA. 1902;XXXIX(1):1-4. doi:10.1001/jama.1902.52480270001001

THE INCREASE OF PNEUMONIA.  The mortality from croupous pneumonia has been increasing for many years; for instance, in Chicago, in 1852, deaths from pneumonia constituted 1.66 per cent. of those from all causes; ten years later 3.40 per cent.; in 1872, 4.55 per cent.; at the end of another decade 6.26 per cent.; in 1892, 9.14 per cent., and in 1902, approximately, 12 per cent. If I had quoted the annual percentage mortality from this disease its steady increase would have been emphasized still more. However, Chicago is not peculiar in this, for statistics show that in all civilized countries pneumonia has been increasingly prevalent and fatal.Naturally we ask, who is responsible for this—the physician, the patient or the disease? Are we less successful than our ancestors were in the management of the malady?

HISTORICAL SURVEY.  Although the word pneumonia has been in use for many centuries, it was

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