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Flat gauze sponges lined on one side with thin rubber tissue such as is used for a dental dam, or preferably thinner, are of special value and afford great protection against soiling the abdominal cavity with escaping contents of the hollow viscera and other infective material during operations in this region. When a coil of intestine is brought out for the purpose of anastomosis or similar work which involves the opening of its lumen, there is considerable danger of the contents passing through an ordinary sponge packing and infecting surrounding structures. The chances for this unfortunate accident to occur are greatly minimized, if not wholly prevented, by the use of gauze sponges lined on one side with rubber, the rubber side being placed down. The rubber forms a positive barrier against infective material going completely through, as is liable to occur with an ordinary gauze packing. A sponge of this
MINGUS E. A GAUZE-RUBBER SPONGE. JAMA. 1905;XLIV(16):1281. doi:10.1001/jama.1905.92500430043003b
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