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August 23, 1902

CHILD LABOR IN THE SOUTH.

JAMA. 1902;XXXIX(8):435. doi:10.1001/jama.1902.02480340029007

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Abstract

The evil of child labor seems to be a growing one in certain parts of this country. According to statistics given by the Rev. E. G. Gardner in a recent pamphlet, it increased in the South during the decade between 1870 and 1880, 140.9 per cent.; between 1880 and 1890, 106.5 per cent., and between 1890 and 1900 the increase was 270.8 per cent. In North Carolina out of 45,044 operatives in textile manufactories 7,996 were under 14 years of age and their daily average wage was 29 cents. The estimate is made that some 22,000 children are working in manufacturing establishments in the South and that between 9,000 and 12,000 of these are less than 12 years old Understanding by these figures that these immature individuals are kept at constant work for long hours, the outlook for their future can be imagined, and the formidable character of the above

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