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There is considerable said about substitution nowadays, but the druggists are not the only ones that thus impose on the medical profession. Medical examining boards are finding it a problem for their solution, and it is said that in one state at least rather extensive frauds have been committed by impersonation of candidates by others. It is in not one state alone, however, that this has been attempted, and it seems possible that it may have been successful in more cases than have been reported. In New York, Illinois, Indiana, and very probably in other states from which we have not heard, a photograph of the applicant for license must now accompany his application as a safeguard against such frauds. This ought to be sufficient, but judging from the persistence and frequent success of swindlers and counterfeiters, even more than this might be necessary to exclude them. There appears to
SUBSTITUTION BEFORE MEDICAL EXAMINING BOARDS.. JAMA. 1902;XXXIX(9):495–496. doi:10.1001/jama.1902.02480350033007
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