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October 11, 1902


JAMA. 1902;XXXIX(15):901-903. doi:10.1001/jama.1902.52480410025001f

Out of 42,124 new cases applying for treatment in the ten years, 1890-1899, at the orthopedic clinic of the Hospital for the Ruptured and Crippled, 6,583, or over 15 per cent., suffered from rickets or the deformities most frequently caused by rickets, such as bow-legs, knock-knees and pigeon breast. While it would be erroneous to class all cases of bow-legs and knock-knees as rhachitic, in the class and grade of cases applying at the clinic the large majority are due to this cause. Making allowance for a considerable number of patients with varicose veins and other purely medical or surgical affections, it is safe to say that rhachitic patients form nearly one-fifth of the orthopedic cases at this clinic.

Of the total number of rhachitics about one-half came on account of bow-legs, over one-quarter for knock-knees and the remainder for anterior tibial curves, rhachitic spine, pigeon breast and other deformities,

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