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The difficulty of extracting a needle after it has been inserted into dense tissues, especially if threaded with heavy suture material, is one with which every surgeon is familiar. Inasmuch as it is often impossible to let go with the needle holder before getting a hold of the point of the needle with something, one mostly resorts to extract the needle with a pair of hemostatic forceps, or if it is a fine needle a pair of ordinary tissue forceps is used. Neither of these instruments are well adapted for the purpose; the hemostatics are unhandy, and often crush the needle, while the tissue forceps slip and nearly always spoil the point of the needle.
In offering the present needle extractor I have added no distinctly new instrument to the already great number, but have merely tried to modify a pair of heavy tissue forceps to the special use of
CLEMENSEN PC. A NEEDLE EXTRACTOR. JAMA. 1902;XXXIX(18):1115. doi:10.1001/jama.1902.52480440035002a
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