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November 22, 1902

Use of Alcohol—An Appeal to Physicians.

JAMA. 1902;XXXIX(21):1333. doi:10.1001/jama.1902.02480470043014

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Hartford, Conn., Nov. 6, 1902.

To the Editor:  —It is a fact not often recognized that the medical profession as a body have during the last half century made three distinct declarations concerning the nature and effects of alcohol on the body. These declarations grew out of a sense of alarm at the dangerous use of alcohol and the need of a protest by medical men acting independently. The first was made in 1839, and was signed by 78 leading physicians in London, Edinburgh and Glasgow. It was a public statement declaring the use of alcohol as a food and beverage to be injurious and pointing out its damage to the body. The second declaration appeared in 1847 and declared that alcohol was not needed in health and that total abstinence gave the strongest promise of longevity. This declaration was signed by 2,000 physicians in England, on the continent and

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