A dispute which appears to be settled, at least so far as the competent authorities in Germany, France and Italy are concerned, seems to have been resurrected in America in recent days. The question is whether the open operation or the bloodless reposition of the congenital dislocation of the hip joint should dominate the future therapy of this deformity.
One of Sherman's later publications1 is so much in favor of the open operation that it seems quite justifiable to compare these methods of treatment critically without any prejudice.
In this connection I quote the historical fact that the originator of the bloodless method, Prof. A. Lorenz of Vienna, had the largest record (about 200 cases) of open operations just at the very time when he began to develop the bloodless method, which he considers the only and the most suitable treatment. Prof. A. Hoffa of Berlin, whom we may call the most prominent pioneer in the development of the open method,
MUELLER F. BLOODLESS REPOSITION OF THE CONGENITALLY DISLOCATED HIP JOINT VERSUS ARTHROTOMY.WITH STATISTICS OF 34 CASES OPERATED ON BY DR. LORENZ DURING HIS VISIT TO THE UNITED STATES IN 1902. JAMA. 1905;XLIV(24):1915–1919. doi:10.1001/jama.1905.92500510023001e
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