The surgeon of one hundred years ago was but a sorry element in social life. In the great towns and cities there were a few practitioners of surgery who were eminent by reason of their scientific work and successful practice. London was then the center of surgical activity, and the prominent exponents of the art were John Abernethy, Henry Cline, Sir William Blizard, Sir Everard Home, Sir Astley Cooper, William Lawrence and Charles Aston Key. The great John Hunter had died in 1793, having accomplished a work which marks an epoch in British surgery. In the provinces the most conspicuous surgeons were Edward Alanson, of Liverpool, and William Hey, of Leeds, while in Edinburgh the position of the leading operator was held for many years by John Bell. A little later in the century we find among the names of prominent men in England those of Sir Charles Bell, Sir
TREVES F. THE SURGEON OF THE NINETEENTH CENTURY. JAMA. 1900;XXXV(5):293–295. doi:https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.1900.24620310027001h
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