Under the head of scrofulous or lymphatic keratitis, or kerato-conjunctivitis, many writers include several forms of disease besides typical phlyctenules and the infiltrates into which they may change. These are the various forms of superficial vascular, marginal keratitis, known as phlyctenular pannus and fascicular keratitis, as well as some plastic or papular vascular tumefactions at the corneo-scleral margin. It is characteristic of these different types that they occur only in children, or if in adults, only in those who have had more or less continuous attacks of corneal disease since childhood. It is less commonly known that in the earlier attacks of this form of disease the phlyctenular type prevails, and that the various vascular and plastic lesions are only seen at later periods.
The term scrofulous was applied by the earlier observers, because these diseases are mostly seen in typically scrofulous children. This fact has been less emphasized in
GRADLE H. SCROFULOUS KERATITIS. OBSERVATIONS ON ITS ETIOLOGY, AND ITS TREATMENT, ESPECIALLY BY SALICYLATE OF SODIUM. JAMA. 1900;XXXV(6):348–351. doi:https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.1900.24620320018002d
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