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There is, perhaps, no class of diseases to which humanity is more subject than rhinitis, or common coryza, nor are there any to which less attention is paid, and perhaps not any of which less knowledge is had of their true character and proper treatment. It is apparent that the larynx and bronchi soon give way to frequent inroads of these attacks. In the simplest inquiry into the functions of the nose as a breathing organ, we find that the mucous membrane covering the turbinated bones is composed of erectile tissue, styled by Bigelow, of Boston, the turbinated corpora cavernosa. It is composed of large venus sinuses, which can be suddenly filled by the capillaries which open abruptly into them, causing distention and erection. This arrangement, in combination with the vibrissae and ciliated epithelia, serves the two-fold purpose of acting as a guard against the entrance of cold, draughty air,
PORCHER WP. THE PREVENTION OF COLDS, AND THEIR, SEQUELA, BY SURGICAL METHODS.Read before the South Carolina Medical Association, June 9, 1891,. JAMA. 1892;XVIII(1):10–12. doi:10.1001/jama.1892.02411050016001c
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