The definition of disease is "any alteration from a perfect state of health." When it pervades the Whole system, as fever does, it is called a general disease; when it affects a tissue or special organ, disease is partial or local. When alcohol induces deliriumtremens, or mania a potu, inebriety, as a disease, answers to the first definition, and when inductive of gastritis, Bright's disease, insanity, etc., the second definition is applicable. The term inebriety, or alcoholism, has assuredly been adopted during the present century as designative, in medical nomenclature, of a disease of the human body. The incredulous may demand in What tissue or vital organs of the body is located the disease, and may require of us to state in medical, physiological and pathological terms the signs, symptoms and effects of this disease. In reply, the statement, based upon facts, to be presented is made that nerve and
HORNER F. THE DRINK PROBLEM FROM A MEDICAL POINT OF VIEW. JAMA. 1892;XVIII(3):74–76. doi:10.1001/jama.1892.02411070014001e
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