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December 22, 1900


Author Affiliations


JAMA. 1900;XXXV(25):1604-1606. doi:10.1001/jama.1900.24620510012001c

The prognosis of hydrencephalocele, formerly so extremely unfavorable, has become more promising under the auspices of asepsis, as well as under those of the Roentgen rays, which have but recently added a further element of better knowledge. As an illustration the following cases may serve:

Case 1.  —A boy of 5 weeks of age well nourished and otherwise normal, shows a spherical, non-pulsating tumor of the size of an orange, projecting from the nasofrontal region and sinking downward to the alæ nasi. (Fig. 1.) At birth the tumor was a trifle smaller. The family history shows nothing abnormal. The father is a German laborer, the mother was born in New York City. Both parents are anemic. The mother was a multipara—four previous children—and the confinement was normal. In connection with the question of injuries being etiological factors in the defects of development of early intrauterine life, it is interesting to

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