The case herein reported, while differing in some respects from the hitherto recorded ones of congenital typhoid infection, probably belongs in the same category. It seems proper, therefore, before detailing the history and findings to review briefly the literature of this somewhat rare class of cases.
It seems hardly necessary to refer to the cases reported in the pre-bacteriologic era, inasmuch as they are so imperfectly recorded, according to modern standards, that considerable doubt must necessarily hang over their authenticity. Even the earlier cases recorded after the discovery of the typhoid bacillus are open to question, on account of the difficulty at the time of their discovery of distinguishing the typhoid bacillus from the organisms of the colon group.
Eberth1 indirectly hints, and Dürk2 positively states that the cases of Reher,3 Neuhauss4 and Chantemesse and Widal5 are open to doubt on these grounds, and this
BLUMER G. HEMORRHAGIC INFECTION IN AN INFANT DUE TO THE TYPHOID BACILLUS. JAMA. 1900;XXXV(26):1674–1676. doi:10.1001/jama.1900.24620520006001b
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