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February 4, 1893


JAMA. 1893;XX(5):122. doi:10.1001/jama.1893.02420320012001c

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In an early day, the practice of medicine in Rome was chiefly confined to foreigners, principally Greeks. Most of the physicians whose names are handed down to us are of Greek origin, yet there were many Egyptians and Syrians, who practiced medicine in Rome as well as in the provincial cities.

If we go still further back in the history of Rome, we find wealthy families who kept many slaves, and would have one of their number skilled in the medical art, who would gratuitously practice for the household but received compensation from those outside of the household.

During the reign of the Cæsar's, and the century following many physicians in Rome became very popular; some of them received large fees which would compare very favorably with the fees of the popular physicians of the present day.

Pliny the Elder states that an ex-praetor, who had leprosy paid a physician

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