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March 23, 1901


JAMA. 1901;XXXVI(12):819. doi:10.1001/jama.1901.02470120043009

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Two South American States, Argentina and Uruguay, have made, what is perhaps a novelty in diplomacy, a treaty of sanitary alliance and protection as regards infectious diseases, especially bubonic plague. It provides for mutual provisions for inspection and quarantine arrangements sufficient to protect either country from invasion of disease from the other without any undue interference with communications or commerce, such as might easily occur were the efforts made independently by either without regard to the actions of the other. Each country is to be in its way the guardian of the other's health as well as of its own, and to cordially co-operate in all necessary measures. The advantages of such a mutual arrangement carried out in good faith are obvious; it would be well could treatises in regard to sanitation become universal. A uniform system of notification and in and out inspection throughout the world, though like every

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