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The term chronic catarrh was formerly used for all chronic affections of the nose manifested by more or less nasal obstruction and secretion. It is still so employed by the public and to some extent by physicians, yet the studies of the last twenty years have resolved this comprehensive name into a number of separate affections. The description of these various types of disease is, however, neither uniform in different text-books on the nose, nor do the types stated by authors conform always with actual observation. Perhaps the main reason for these discrepancies is the frequent multiplicity of lesions, so that quite commonly the symptoms of catarrh depend on several different morbid conditions co-existing in the nose.
My object is to classify the different lesions which make up this composite picture of catarrh. On the basis of many years' personal observation I wish to describe those types of morbid changes
GRADLE H. CLASSIFICATION OF THE LESIONS CONSTITUTING THE SO-CALLED CHRONIC NASAL CATARRH. JAMA. 1898;XXX(21):1206–1210. doi:10.1001/jama.1898.72440730012002a
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