The method of using cold in fevers described below is the same which I presented at a meeting of the American Association of Physicians in 1895.1 Since that time I have given some hundreds of baths by this method, chiefly in typhoid fever, and the results have been so good that I desire to take up the subject again.
I shall not attempt any detailed presentation of the cases in which this method of reducing the temperature was employed, but merely indicate the principles upon which its successful use depends; for if these are clearly understood, and the directions carefully followed, satisfactory results will ensue. It is necessary that the physician should demonstrate to the nurse exactly what is required to be done; if after this demonstration the reduction in the temperature is not on an average of 2 degrees for each bath, there has probably been some failure
WILLIAMS FH. THE REDUCTION OF TEMPERATURE IN FEVERS BY EVAPORATION BATHS; WARM WATER BEING USED FOR BATHS. JAMA. 1901;XXXVI(20):1376–1379. doi:10.1001/jama.1901.52470200016001c
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