The formerly so-called congenital atresia of the female sexual apparatus has been in later days a subject of greatest interest and discussion, and the question whether or not every atresia ought to be classified as a congenital vitium primæ formationis, or as acquired by some inflammatory process during early childhood, has not yet been settled as to universal agreement. The pendulum of scientific opinion has nowadays swung rapidly to the side of those authors who believe that every atresia in a simple genital organ is caused by an inflammatory process and may be produced: 1, through infectious diseases during childhood (variola, diphtheria, erysipelas, scarlatina, measles, dysentery, pneumonia connected with vaginitis phlegmonosa dissecans, impetigo contagiosa, etc.); 2, vulvovaginitis gonorrheica of the new born, or vulvovaginitis of other bacteriological or traumatic origin during childhood, or colpitis senilis; 3, trauma during life by external force, scalding, burning, operation, corpora aliena (pessaries), cauterization with
THIENHAUS O. ATRESIA HYMENALIS, ITS ETIOLOGY AND TREATMENT. WITH REPORT OF A CASE OF ATRESIA HYMENALIS, HEMATOCOLPOS, HEMATOMETRA AND HEMATOSALPINX DUPLEX, EACH OF THE SIZE OF A MAN'S FIST, IN A GIRL OF FOURTEEN YEARS. PRESENTATION OF SPECIMENS. JAMA. 1901;XXXVII(3):194–196. doi:10.1001/jama.1901.62470290040002m
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