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October 12, 1901


Author Affiliations

Supervisor of School Hygiene of the Public Schools of Cleveland, Ohio: Assistant in Ophthalmology, Lake Side Hospital, Western Reserve University. CLEVELAND, OHIO.

JAMA. 1901;XXXVII(15):970-973. doi:10.1001/jama.1901.62470410022001c

Definition.  —From Dr. William H. Burnham, professor of school hygiene at Clark University School for Teachers, I have received this very good general definition of school hygiene. "School hygiene has to do with the conditions which favor the normal healthy development of children, so far as determined by school environment—school sanitation—and school programs, sequence of studies, text-books, and methods of study and instruction—hygiene of instruction."

Rationale.  —Quoting from a former paper, I will again cite the fact that those nations which have exercised a powerful and elevating influence have been and are those which have exercised a care for the health of their citizens. Within fifty years indisputable evidence has induced nation after nation to recognize the value of sanitary science as the preserver of national health and wealth, as well as elemental to military success.In a democracy self-preservation demands an educated citizenship. This underlying principle allows the state

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