Before treating this subject in any detail, I wish to define the term "backward child." By this I do not mean a defective child, but one whose body, as well as intellectual faculties, are all in existence, and whose parentage is not of a degenerate character, but normal, as we generally understand the term. The line between normal and abnormal may be somewhat hazy, not well defined, nor perhaps capable of exact definition, but we all somehow have a very fair conception of the expression, unless we appear as experts in a will case in court. Yet if we remember our experiences in the school room as teachers or even as fellow pupils, or make observations in schools as visitors, we do not always have this same opinion, as to the brightness or dulness exhibited by various children. Thus many a child, somewhat backward in its studies, has been condemned
WAHRER CF. A PLEA FOR THE BACKWARD CHILD. JAMA. 1901;XXXVII(15):976–977. doi:10.1001/jama.1901.62470410028001f
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