Permanent catheterization in the male has been practiced by the writer in fifteen cases. In each case the catheter was retained for more than ten days, and in two instances for more than sixty days. These cases embraced a variety of conditions demanding bladder drainage, and in all but one entirely satisfactory results were obtained.
The fifteen cases included six perineal operations for stricture of the posterior urethra—one of which involved resection of nearly all of the pars membranacea— two operations for the closure of the perineal urethral fistulæ, two cases of perineal lithotomy, two cases of severe cystitis complicating prostatic hypertrophy, a case in which the catheter was introduced to drain and give physiologic rest to the bladder for the relief of atony and incontinence following stricture of the pars anterior, a plastic operation for the cure of a vesicorectal fistula, and another for the closure of an old
EASTMAN JR. A FURTHER REPORT ON PERMANENT CATHETERIZATION. JAMA. 1901;XXXVII(19):1221–1223. doi:10.1001/jama.1901.62470450001001
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