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November 9, 1901


JAMA. 1901;XXXVII(19):1255. doi:10.1001/jama.1901.02470450035010

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According to the Paris dispatches, the savants of that capital have not the reverence for potentates and fear of lèse majesté laws in their mental make-up to any great extent. They recently enjoyed a lecture from the celebrated Italian anthropologist, Professor Lombroso, who was feted by them on his way home from the Amsterdam Congress of Criminology, in which he discussed the characteristics of contemporaneous rulers, using as illustrations a series of casts of their craniums furnished by Virchow. Most of them were found by him to be criminals or lunatics, the exceptions being the Czar of Russia, who is a sort of harmless innocent, and King Edward VII, who is only somewhat more than the ordinary average of mediocrity. The Emperor of Germany he considers a born tough, who under ordinary conditions would probably come to the gallows, and the Sultan of Turkey would in common life be a

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