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November 23, 1901


JAMA. 1901;XXXVII(21):1366-1369. doi:10.1001/jama.1901.62470470008001b

In the "International Clinics," Vol. iii, Fourth Series, 1894, appeared an article by Prof. F. C. Hotz, on "The Diagnosis of Paralyses of the Ocular Muscles by the Double Image Test," which was a distinct advance in simplifying the methods of detecting the affected muscle in these perplexing cases. In studying that article, it occurred to the writer that the subject might be further simplified by exhibiting these paralyses with the position of the false image in graphic or tabular form. Soon afterward he prepared the table, which, with some modification of terms, has been used by him in teaching and in practical work since. As the table has stood the test of time and has commended itself to many practitioners and students, it is now presented for the consideration of this Section, in the hope that it may prove of value to others.

Let us consider briefly the more