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Article
January 18, 1902

Experimentelle und Kritische Beitraege Zur Haendedisinfectionsfrage.

JAMA. 1902;XXXVIII(3):189. doi:10.1001/jama.1902.02480030047017

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Abstract

This monograph gives the details of investigations and experiments in regard to the important question of hand disinfection in surgery. The author finds as a result of his studies that even the most careful washing and brushing of the hands and the employment of very hot water and numerous changes, even for a long time, will still leave numbers of germs upon the skin. The employment of sand and sterile towels scarcely perceptibly diminishes their number. The employment of aseptics such as sublimate, lysol, etc., are not sufficient to effectively reduce the number; they may reduce the number of colonies in cultures but not destroy them entirely or leave the hand in a safe condition, nor can we expect any very germicidal action of alcohol. That in his experiments he produced 1000 colonies from filtered debris of alcohol employed is one of the most satisfactory confirmations, in his opinion, of

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