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January 25, 1902


JAMA. 1902;XXXVIII(4):223-226. doi:10.1001/jama.1902.62480040009001c

From the earliest records of primitive man there are evidences of a wide range of his fears, and the noble advantages secured through the pedagogy of fear. Ere reason ascended its lofty throne, fear expressed itself through the somatic life, and with a celerity which outruns human thought still continues to protect us against threatening harm, even before we know in what the harmful thing consists. Whether originating in the soma or psyche, and however modified, fear invariably appeals to the sentiency of the breathing apparatus and exalts the pulmonary movements beyond the realms of automatism. Those fears which in primeval days prompted directly the exercise of the pulmonary sentiency or indirectly necessitated excessive activity of the lungs added to the efficiency of these organs by maintaining and cultivating their primary allotment of somatic and neural energy and became factors in the attainment of normal intercourse between the nerves distributed

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