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January 25, 1902


JAMA. 1902;XXXVIII(4):252. doi:10.1001/jama.1902.02480040038004

The literature of the medico-psychologic aspects of the Czolgosz case appears likely to be somewhat voluminous. Besides the quasi-official statements of Drs. Macdonald and Spitzka, there have lately appeared other articles discussing the assassin's mental condition, taking somewhat different views, at least by implication. Talbot's article,1 noticed in The Journal of January 4, infers that the proof of his sanity was hardly of a satisfactory and logical character, and still more recently Hughes2 takes practically the same view. The latter regrets the precipitancy of the trial and execution, and the imperatively hasty autopsy. "Czolgosz's egotism," he says, "was unbounded and morbid. His mind was evidently weak, and he appeared as a mental tool of wrong teaching, environment and influence. Unbounded egoism, projecting self into unnatural spheres and phases of action out of normal harmony with environment, is a characteristic of insanity, and it was sufficiently prominent in the