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Article
February 15, 1902

THE MODERN SUBJECTION OF SCIENCE AND EDUCATION TO PROPAGANDA.

JAMA. 1902;XXXVIII(7):455-459. doi:10.1001/jama.1902.62480070021001g
Abstract

One of the sad pages in the history of science and education is that which relates how, on the death of Alexander the Great, the teacher of his youth, the much greater Aristotle, rightly regarded by the Middle Age as the "master of those who know" when more than sixty years old was driven from Athens into exile by a patriotic propaganda of the anti-Macedonians. A darker and a bloody page tells how Hypatia of Alexandria, the beautiful and learned daughter of Theon, was cruelly and brutally murdered in a Christian church in the year 415 of our era as a victim of a fanatical propaganda against paganism, condoned, if not conducted, by the Christian Archbishop Cyril, Patriarch of Alexandria. Copernicus hesitated long before publishing his splendid discoveries on the movements of the heavenly bodies and the heliocentric theory, for fear of ecclesiastical interference, and when soon after Galileo, more

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