Early in January, 1901, the President of the Board of Health of Manila, under the authority of the Provost Marshal General, ordered the sanitary census of the city to be taken and a report of the same to be made. The undertaking was difficult in the extreme. Obstacles peculiar to Oriental cities were met on every side.
The work, however, was essential for the better government and sanitation of the city. Manila had now been in the possession of the United States a little over two years. At the time of our entrance the city was in the usual filthy state characteristic of most Spanish cities, and was also in the midst of an epidemic of smallpox, which was everywhere apparent. One of the first orders issued by the Commanding General was the establishment of a Health Board, and the suppression of the smallpox epidemic was the first thing that
GILCHRIST HL. A SYNOPSIS OF THE SANITARY CENSUS OF MANILA.. JAMA. 1902;XXXVIII(16):988–993. doi:10.1001/jama.1902.62480160010001a
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